祖瑶, 陈思语, 罗玉, 许晨, 洪素娟, 李建宏. 蓝藻水华水样总氮含量的测定[J]. 水生生物学报, 2023, 47(1): 55-60. DOI: 10.7541/2022.2021.0329
引用本文: 祖瑶, 陈思语, 罗玉, 许晨, 洪素娟, 李建宏. 蓝藻水华水样总氮含量的测定[J]. 水生生物学报, 2023, 47(1): 55-60. DOI: 10.7541/2022.2021.0329
ZU Yao, CHEN Si-Yu, LUO Yu, XU Chen, HONG Su-Juan, LI Jian-Hong. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL NITROGEN CONTENT IN CYANOBACTERIAL BLOOMS[J]. ACTA HYDROBIOLOGICA SINICA, 2023, 47(1): 55-60. DOI: 10.7541/2022.2021.0329
Citation: ZU Yao, CHEN Si-Yu, LUO Yu, XU Chen, HONG Su-Juan, LI Jian-Hong. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL NITROGEN CONTENT IN CYANOBACTERIAL BLOOMS[J]. ACTA HYDROBIOLOGICA SINICA, 2023, 47(1): 55-60. DOI: 10.7541/2022.2021.0329

蓝藻水华水样总氮含量的测定

DETERMINATION OF TOTAL NITROGEN CONTENT IN CYANOBACTERIAL BLOOMS

  • 摘要: 为评估蓝藻水华藻密度对水样中总氮含量测定的影响, 采用实验室培养纯藻和天然微囊藻水华样品, 利用碱性过硫酸钾消解紫外分光光度法, 测定了不同藻密度水样TN的含量并进行了比较分析。研究发现, 如果藻密度较高的水样稀释不充分, TN值会被严重低估。对太湖水华水样分析结果表明, 叶绿素a与TN的相应值平均为0.156 mg N/μg Chl. a, 干藻样的氮含量平均为16%。这些数据有助于估算蓝藻水华对水体TN的贡献。

     

    Abstract: Nitrogen and phosphorus are limiting and essential macronutrients to maintain the growth of phytoplankton, and monitoring their changes are fundamental to lake management. The relationship of TN and phytoplankton chlorophyll a (Chl. a) was reported in some research; however, TN may be underestimated in some research due to measurement errors in bloom-occurring water bodies. The alkaline potassium persulfate digestion-UV spectrophotometry method is widely used for water quality determination for TN. The organic nitrogen in cyanobacterial cells may be difficult to be completely degraded, which should result in the underestimation of TN. However, there is no detailed study on TN determination of bloom water containing high-density algal cells.The TN was underestimated by directly measuring the samples from Taihu Lake, although the TN was within the allowable concentration range of the standard method (<7.0 mg/L, HJ636-2012). In order to explore the effect of cell densities on TN determination, the lab-cultured cyanobacterium and green algae was measured. The results showed that TN of high-density cells was significantly underestimated. The density of cells must be less than 108/L to meet the requirements of accurate TN determination. We measured several samples from natural blooms to estimate the TN in the Microcystis blooms. The TN value obtained from the original water sample was underestimated by 26.59%—40.42% compared to the measured value of the water sample diluted 10—30 times. Our results demonstrated that sufficient dilution is necessary for the TN measuring of cyanobacterial blooms.In order to estimate the contribution of Microcystis biomass to TN, the TN and Chl. a in four bloom samples collected from Taihu Lake were measured. The mean value was 0.15 mg N/μg Chl. a (spiked recovery rate was 98.84%—109.39%). The average nitrogen content of dry Microcystis blooms from Taihu Lake was about 16%. These data should be useful for the ecological research of and the control of Microcystis blooms.

     

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